Project to support protected marine areas for the mitigation and adaptation to the effects of the climatic change

State : Ongoing | Number of beneficiaries : 50,430 people

2018/2020, 24 months : 2018/2020, 24 months

Location : Joal Protected Marine Area (AMPJ) and Palmarin Community Nature Reserve (RNCP), Saloum Delta, Senegal

Project summary

Local partner

Nebeday is a Senegalese organization of participative management of natural resources that has been founded six years ago and achieved several projects with substantial impact.

Created in June 2011, by Jean Goepp, previously coordinator of Océanium projects, Nebeday (meaning “the tree of life”) follows one motto: “the environment at the heart of development”.

Nebeday is among the only actors to carry out participatory projects for the protection of biodiversity and the fight against the consequences of climate change, this in a particularly vulnerable area known as the Saloum Delta, which is on the Unesco World Heritage list.

For Nebeday, the environment is at the heart of a development and can only be done by Senegalese rural populations.

Nebeday’s main expertise lies not only in the fight against the consequences of climate change, but also in its intervention method that is particularly close to the populations and truly participative. This allows it to implement programs that preserve the environment and effectively combat climate change.

This “social engineering” is based on strong communication achieved through debate campaigns and especially exchanges that respect the local knowledge, customs and habits.

This expertise enables Nebeday to implement innovative projects in the climate field in response to the needs expressed by the populations.

The problem

With more than 2/3 of its territory located in the Sudano-Sahelian zone, low annual rainfall (between 100 and 500 mm) and 720 km of coastline, Senegal is one of the West African countries most vulnerable to climatic changes. Adaptation projects must therefore be enabled in agriculture, water resources and the coastal zone.

Despite the urgency of the threat, the Senegalese government is struggling to enable the fight against the negative consequences od climate change in terms of concrete public policies.

The rural and coastal population, which accounts for more than half of the population (more than 60% of the active population work in agriculture and fishing) is highly dependent on natural resources. The pressure on these resources leads to their scarcity and / or degradation, which exacerbates the process of impoverishment and makes the communities concerned more vulnerable to the negative impacts of climate change.

It is therefore in priority in rural and coastal areas, in sectors where natural resources are still present and in collaboration with the poorest populations, that climate adaptation actions will have to be concentrated, in order to give them the best chances to be adopted, replicated and integrated into local development and thus enable them to contribute to the main challenge faced by the country at the beginning of the 21st century.

Baobab, amas coquiller datant du néolithique, bolon et mangrove

Objectives/Activities carried out

Global Objective: Combat climate change through two Marine Protected Areas (MPAs); the Marine Protected Area of Joal and the maritime part of the Palmarin Community Nature Reserve (RNC).

Specific objective: Contribute to carbon storage (mitigation) through the production of sustainable solid biofuels, reforestation, safeguarding marine biodiversity in 2 MPAs and reduce the impact of climate change (adaptation) through the promotion of a true “green economy”, sustainable and structured.

  • Planting of trees (50,000 continental trees will be planted in the MPAs of Joal and Palmarin): training beneficiaries in reforestation, formation of a reforestation committee
  • Production of 15,000 kg of organic charcoal in Palmarin that will be consumed in the 2 MPAs: evaluation of the herbaceous biomass available for the manufacture of straw marmoreal strawberries, constitution and equipment of GIE
  • Work for the effective protection of marine biodiversity through the two MPAs: delimitation of MPAs with guidelines, training on MPA preservation activities for beneficiaries (management committees, eco-guards, village leaders), monitoring of marine biodiversity
  • Production and marketing of at least 300 kg of honey annually by the GIE of Joal beekeepers. These women will be trained and equipped thanks to the project: identification, training and equipment of women beekeepers, constitution of GIE, monitoring of beekeepers
  • Installation of a village agro-forestry perimeter by the women of a village among the 4 villages of Palmarin (Ngallou, Ngueth, Ngounoumane, Diakharor): equipment of the agro-forestry perimeter, training and monitoring of beneficiaries (farmers)

Beneficiaries

Direct beneficiaries:
The results of the project concern all the inhabitants of the MPA and the RNC, ie 50,430 beneficiaries.
-The management committees of the 2 MPAs.
-The Economic Interest Group (ies) (G.I.E.) that will engage in beekeeping, agro-forestry and bio-coal activities, ie at least 200 people.

Indirect Beneficiaries:
-The fishermen because the resources will be protected.
-The inhabitants of MPAs because through the creation of wealth and development of sectors the environment will be protected.
-The hoteliers (about twenty tourist structures) who will have more local resources available (organic vegetables).